Frederick II of Swabia, King of Germany from 1212 to 1220 and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, belonging to the noble family of the Hohenstaufen of Swabia (an historic and linguistic region of Germany, situated in the Baden-Wurttemberg state ) was the re-founder of Altamura, a city of the province of Bari (in Apulia-Italy). According to the legend, Altamura, situated on a deserted and inhabited hill, already destroyed by Orlando, was rebuilt by Frederick of Swabia in the XIII century. Today it is known throughout Europe for both its Frederick’s Cathedral (an important example of Apulian Romanesque in Gothic style), and for the paleontological findings of international interest, such as the Man of Altamura and the Quarry of Dinosaurs . Altamura is also known for the production of the typical PDO bread, (Protected Designation of Origin). The emperor ordered the construction of the majestic Cathedral (1232) and, under his pressure, in 1248, Pope Innocent IV excluded the jurisdiction of the bishops and made the cathedral a “Palatine Church”, equivalent to a palace chapel.
Altamura on the border with Matera, the city famous for its Sassi, is a rural and agricultural center with important workshops, bakeries, food industries, industries for the production of sofas for living rooms, as well as plastic materials for decoration and furnishings, industries for the production of assembly accessories for the automotive sector intended for industrial vehicles, light vehicles and telescopic vehicles, both agricultural and special ones. . Through Federicus, a medieval festival of historical commemoration in honor of Frederick II of Swabia, it is offered an adequate opportunity to study and reconstruct the time of Frederick II, as well as a valuable opportunity so that the artistic and creative potential of Murgia may be expressed. The event will take place in Altamura from 23 to 25 of April 2016, and it has an evocative value because it intends to remember or to present again an historical figure and the era in which he lived, allocating the attention both to the spectacular aspect and to the historical accuracy. The event offers exhibitions, collective art exhibitions, debates, book presentations. And also the Museum of Torture, the Palio of San Marco, as well as parades, medieval markets, games, camps, falconry shows, performances along the streets of the ancient center of drummers, flag bearers and archers, jugglers and fire eaters, comedians, jugglers, singers , medieval musicians and dancers.